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What is Ergon philosophy?

Ergon, concept from Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics that is most often translated as function, task, or work.

Similarly, What is Arete in ethics? The arete of something is the highest quality state it can reach. Using arete as a principle for living life means that you are focused on the quality of everything you do and experience. Avoid actions that lack arete. Take actions that focus on arete. When most people think of virtue, they look at moral virtue.

Then, What is the Ergon of human beings?

Aristotle’s inference that man has an ergon from the premise that the eye, hand, and foot, each have an ergon … is an expression of Aristotle’s belief that the parts of the body are there for the sake of nature’s target — the idion of the organism (43).

And What is the golden mean Aristotle? The basic principle of the golden mean, laid down by Aristotle 2,500 years ago is moderation, or striving for a balance between extremes.

What are the two extremes that virtues are generally the average of? Aristotle describes a virtue as a “mean” or “intermediate” between two extremes: one of excess and one of deficiency. 2.

Is arete a goddess?

Arete was occasionally personified as a goddess, the sister of Homonoia (not to be confused with Harmonia), and the daughter of the goddess of justice, Praxidike.

What is the arete of a human being?

The man or woman of arête is a person of the highest effectiveness; they use all their faculties: strength, bravery, wit, and deceptiveness [famously, in the case of Odysseus], to achieve real results. In the Homeric world, then, arête involves all of the abilities and potentialities available to humans.

What is the ultimate telos of every person?

Happiness is the ultimate telos because there is no further telos beyond happiness and because the ultimate goal of all our other activities is happiness. For Aristotle, the soul, or psuche (the root of our word psychology), is simply that which distinguishes living things from nonliving things.

What is the ultimate virtue?

Words of Wisdom: Kindness is the greatest virtue of all.

What is good According to Plato?

Plato’s metaphysics

Form is that of the Good. It is “beyond being and knowledge,” yet it is the foundation of both. “Being” in this context does not mean existence, but something specific—a human, a lion, or a house—being recognizable by its quality or shape.

What is Aristotle’s definition of happiness?

According to Aristotle, happiness consists in achieving, through the course of a whole lifetime, all the goods — health, wealth, knowledge, friends, etc. — that lead to the perfection of human nature and to the enrichment of human life. This requires us to make choices, some of which may be very difficult.

What are the golden words of Socrates?

SOCRATES: Well, then, if we cannot capture the good in one form, we will have to take hold of it in a conjunction of three: beauty, proportion and truth.

What happened to Socrates?

Socrates was accused of corrupting the youth of Athens and sentenced to death. Choosing not to flee, he spent his final days in the company of his friends before drinking the executioner’s cup of poisonous hemlock.

What is excessive courage?

So Aristotle takes the desirable extreme – being very courageous – and says it’s the mean, and then finds a term for courage that has negative qualities attached to it ( “recklessness”) and says that this is the excess of courage, as if the undesirable qualities implied by recklessness are actually directly caused by …

What is the summum bonum the highest good of human life?

Summum bonum is a Latin expression meaning the highest or ultimate good, which was introduced by the Roman philosopher Cicero to denote the fundamental principle on which some system of ethics is based — that is, the aim of actions, which, if consistently pursued, will lead to the best possible life.

What are the 4 cardinal virtues?

They make possible ease, self-mastery, and joy in leading a morally good life.” The four cardinal virtues are prudence, justice, courage and temperance.

What is the perfect midway between the vices of deficiency and excess?

Each virtue is the midpoint between a vice of deficiency (red) and excess (blue). The virtuous person will tend to the center. Aristotle sees ethics as more of an art than a science, and his explanations purposely lack specifics.

Who was the ugliest god?

Hephaestus. Hephaestus is the son of Zeus and Hera. Sometimes it is said that Hera alone produced him and that he has no father. He is the only god to be physically ugly.

Does virtue mean virginity?

chastity; virginity: to lose one’s virtue. a particular moral excellence. Compare cardinal virtues, natural virtue, theological virtue. a good or admirable quality or property: the virtue of knowing one’s weaknesses.

Who did Calypso marry?

According to Homer’s epic, the Odyssey, when Odysseus landed on Ogygia, Calypso fell in love with him and decided to keep him as her immortal husband.

What is the greatest good of man?

For Aristotle, eudaimonia is the highest human good, the only human good that is desirable for its own sake (as an end in itself) rather than for the sake of something else (as a means toward some other end).

How does virtue relate to our telos?

Virtue ethics is about how to be good people and how to lead good lives. A life is good when it fulfills its purpose, its “telos.” The telos of human life is eudaimonia, or flourishing. In order to fulfill our telos, we need three things. First, we need virtues of character.

What is the telos of a firm?

The company’s name is derived from the Greek word for “purpose” or “goal”. Telos primarily serves government and enterprise clients, receiving a large number of its contracts from the United States Department of Defense (DoD).

What is the ultimate end of life?

“Happiness” (eudaimonia), for Aristotle, is a placeholder for “the ultimate end in life” – that which we desire for its own sake and for whose sake we pursue all our other objectives (E.N. i. 2, 1094a18–19; cf.

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