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Does etc need a full stop?

No further full stop is required if a sentence ends with an abbreviation that takes a full stop (e.g. etc.) or with a complete quotation that ends in a full stop, a question mark or an exclamation mark before the closing quotation marks. There is no full stop after a person’s title or in acronyms.

Similarly, Can you use etc after example? Do not use etc. with a “list” that gives only one example; there should be at least two items listed. And never use etc. at the end of a series that begins with for example, e.g., including, such as, and the like, because these terms make etc.

Then, Are there two periods after etc?

Answer: Generally, in American English, if “etc.” is used in the middle of a sentence, it is followed by a comma. However, if the word “etc.” appears at the end of a sentence then the period (which is part of “etc.”) serves as the final punctuation mark.

And Can you put a question mark after etc? Its answer is simple that you can use any punctuation mark (question marks, exclamation marks, semi-solons or colons) after etc. but after period like comma in the middle of the sentence.

Can you use etc in a thesis? It is perfectly ok to use etc. in an academic paper. Just note, however, that both of them are very sparingly and carefully used in serious writing.

How do you say etc professionally?

Personally, I would simply use “etc.”, short for et cetera (Latin, from et “and” and cetera “the rest”, neuter plural of ceterus “left over”). Show activity on this post. You may use “among others” or “to name a few”.

How do you say etc formally?

Etc. ‘ is quite formal, although you could expand it to ‘et cetera‘ if you wanted. It can also be stylised ‘&c.

Does etc need a period?

Answer: Generally, in American English, if “etc.” is used in the middle of a sentence, it is followed by a comma. However, if the word “etc.” appears at the end of a sentence then the period (which is part of “etc.”) serves as the final punctuation mark.

Does America need periods?

3. In casual writing, when United States is functioning as a noun (as in, “We are traveling to the U.S.”), it’s a matter of personal preference. You can either spell out United States or abbreviate it, with periods or without.

Can you start a sentence with and?

It’s perfectly acceptable to begin a sentence with and (as well as doing so with words such as but or or). Using and at the beginning of a sentence has been a practice for over a thousand years.

Can you end a sentence with et al?

When you use other punctuation with et al., like a comma, it goes after the period. But if you’re ending a sentence with et al., you don’t need an additional period.

Do you need an ellipsis after etc?

The abbreviation etc. is two words, et caetera or & c. One period only for a full stop. I would guess you can use three more if you want an ellipsis, but the meaning of &c. itself should mean an ellipsis is not necessary, because both imply further possible items.

Is etc grammatically correct?

However, the one-word spelling etcetera is also correct. The abbreviation for this term is etc. (Note that the c comes last; the misspelling ect. is a common error.) Because it has become part of the English language, this term is not placed in italics, whether it is written in full or abbreviated.

Do we need comma before etc?

Generally, in American English, if “etc.” is used in the middle of a sentence, it is followed by a comma. (Tennis, soccer, baseball, etc., are outdoor games.) However, if this word appears at the end of a sentence then the period (which is part of “etc.”) serves as the final punctuation mark.

How do you write etc in a research paper?

Generally, in American English, if “etc.” is used in the middle of a sentence, it is followed by a comma. (Tennis, soccer, baseball, etc., are outdoor games.) However, if this word appears at the end of a sentence then the period (which is part of “etc.”) serves as the final punctuation mark.

Can I use etc in a college essay?

Avoiding filler words and run-on expressions will make your college essay more clear and interesting to the reader. If something needs to be added to your list of examples, add specific examples. Don’t add expressions such as etc.

Can I use etc in formal writing?

The expression “et cetera” is rarely used. Its abbreviation “etc.” is discouraged in formal writing; CMOS recommends that, if used, it should be confined to parenthetical material or lists and tables.

How do you say so in formal way?

so

  1. accordingly,
  2. consequently,
  3. ergo,
  4. hence,
  5. therefore,
  6. thereupon,
  7. thus,
  8. wherefore.

Is it okay to use etc in academic writing?

It is perfectly ok to use etc. in an academic paper. Just note, however, that both of them are very sparingly and carefully used in serious writing. Try to list fully or describe the list instead.

Is it OK to use etc in academic writing?

It is perfectly ok to use etc. in an academic paper. Just note, however, that both of them are very sparingly and carefully used in serious writing. Try to list fully or describe the list instead.

How should etc be written?

The Latin term et cetera (“and the rest”) is usually written as two words in Canadian English. However, the one-word spelling etcetera is also correct. The abbreviation for this term is etc. (Note that the c comes last; the misspelling ect. is a common error.)

Do you capitalize etc?

The MLA Style Center

In our publications, we capitalize etc. when it appears at the end of a title because in MLA style the last term in a title is always capitalized: “Treaty with the Dwamish, Suquamish, Etc.” When etc.

Do you put and before etc?

There’s no definitive answer, because different style guides recommend different usage. Nevertheless, the style that seems to be recommended the most is to always include a comma before “etc.”; it is recommended even by those who discourage the use of the Oxford comma (the comma before the last item in a list).

What does IE mean?

The abbreviation “i.e.” stands for id est, which is Latin for “that is.” The abbreviation “e.g.” stands for the Latin phrase exempli gratia, meaning “for example.” Let’s consider a sentence that uses “i.e.”: All employees will receive the standard discount; i.e., 20 percent.

How do you abbreviate America?

There are two common abbreviations of American: Am. and Amer. If you want to make either of these plural, simply add on an “s.”

What does USA stand for?

abbreviation. United States of America. See United States. Also U.S.A.

What do you think?

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