source: FAA Pilot/Controller Glossary. The amount of fuel necessary for one half hour of operation at the rated maximum-continuous power setting of the engine, which, for weight and balance purposes, is 1/12 gallon per maximum-except-takeoff (METO) horse-power.
Besides, What is Meto horsepower maximum except takeoff HP? METO Horsepower (maximum except takeoff)
The maximum power allowed to be continuously produced by an engine. Takeoff power is usually limited to a given amount of time, such as 1 minute or 5 minutes.
What is minimum fuel in aviation? Use of the term “minimum fuel” indicates recognition by a pilot that the fuel supply has reached a state where, upon reaching destination, the pilot cannot accept any undue delay. This is not an emergency situation but merely an advisory that indicates an emergency situation is possible should any undue delay occur.
Likewise, How do you calculate useful load?
Useful load is the weight of the crew, passengers, baggage, usable fuel, and drainable oil. Generally, this can be found by subtracting the basic empty weight from the maximum allowable gross weight.
In respect to this, What is adverse loading check? Adverse loading checks are a deliberate attempt to load an aircraft in a manner that will create the most critical balance condition and still remain within the design CG limits of the aircraft.
What is aircraft MTOW?
The MTOW of an aircraft is the maximum mass, defined by the aircraft manufacturer (due to structural or other limits), at which the aircraft is certified for take off.
Why is an aircraft landing weight more restrictive than takeoff weight?
Aircraft also have a maximum take-off weight, which is almost always higher than the maximum landing weight, so that an aircraft can weigh less upon landing due to burning fuel during the flight.
What is Joker fuel?
“Joker Fuel” is a predetermined amount of fuel in excess of Bingo Fuel.
What is bingo fuel?
FAASTeam Safety Notice dated July 31, 2012, “Bingo Fuel is military slang for the minimum fuel required for a comfortableAccording to the and safe return to base.
What are the maximum holding speeds?
International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) maximum holding speeds are as follows: Holding altitude 14000′ or below – 230 KIAS. Holding altitude above 14000′ to 20000′ – 240 KIAS. Holding altitude above 20000′ to 34000′ – 265 KIAS.
What is the difference between payload and useful load?
Useful Load – The difference between the gross weight and the basic empty weight is referred to as useful load. It includes the flight crew, usable fuel, drainable oil, if applicable, and payload. Payload – The weight of the passengers, cargo, and baggage. Gross Weight – Total of the basic empty weight and useful load.
Is fuel part of useful load?
The useful load consists of fuel, any other fluids that are not part of empty weight, passengers, baggage, pilot, copilot, and crewmembers.
What is the purpose of zero fuel weight?
Zero fuel weight sets a maximum allowable weight that can be carried in the fuselage in order to eliminate the possibility of destructive wing-bending stress.
What is empty CG of an aircraft?
The fuel tanks, seats, and baggage compartments of some aircraft are so located that changes in the fuel or occupant load have a very limited effect on the balance of the aircraft.
What is empty CG?
Empty CG (Center of Gravity) allows you to further adjust the center of gravity of the plane.
What does SL ISA MTOW mean?
MTOW = Maximum take-off weight, MLW = Maximum landing weight, TOR = Take-off run (SL, ISA+15°, MTOW), LR = Landing run (SL, ISA+15°, MLW) Type.
Why is MTOW important?
Importance. Due to structural limitations, an aircraft is restricted to a certain weight while taking off. If this weight is exceeded, the aircraft may become structurally damaged, or worse, fail to complete a successful takeoff altogether. Aircraft designers and manufacturers know the importance of MTOW.
What is MTOM in drones?
MTOM stands form Maximum Take Off Mass. This is an important measurement because many of the current regulations governing the use of drones distinguish between categories of drone according to weight.
Is there any weight limit for pilots?
No, there is not currently a weight limit to be a pilot.
What is the maximum takeoff weight?
The maximum takeoff mass (MTOM), often referred to as maximum takeoff weight (MTOW), of an aircraft is a value defined by the aircraft manufacturer. It is the maximum mass at which the aircraft is certified for take off due to structural or other limits. MTOW is usually specified in units of kilograms or pounds.
What happens if a plane lands overweight?
The major issue with landing a plane that is overweight is over-running the runway. If you are trying to land a plane that is over it’s rated landing weight, you will need to be going faster to keep enough airflow over the wings to generate the lift required to keep the plane in the air.
Why do fighter pilots say Fox 2?
When you fly one of our Air Combat missions, you will hear “FOX 2, Fight’s On” to initiate our canned setups. “FOX 2” is a brevity code used by fighter pilots to declare a weapon’s release (sorta like “bomb’s away” from WWII).
Why do pilots say Niner instead of nine?
Aviators often speak “pilot English” to avoid miscommunications over radio transmission. “Tree” for instance, means three, “fife” is the number five and “niner” means nine, says Tom Zecha, a manager at AOPA. The variations stemmed from a desire to avoid confusion between similar-sounding numbers, he says.
What does it mean when pilots say angels?
Angels – Altitude in thousands of feet. “Angels two-five” means 25,000 feet. Angle of attack – The angle at which an aircraft wings meet the air stream. Despite the word “attack,” it is not related to weapons, and applies to all aircraft.